Real Property Appraisals: A Primer
Their home's purchase can be the largest financial decision many might ever consider. Whether it's a main residence, a second vacation property or a rental fixer upper, the purchase of real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple parties to see it through.
You're likely to be familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The real estate agent is the most familiar entity in the exchange. Next, the mortgage company provides the financial capital required to fund the transaction. And ensuring all requirements of the sale are completed and that a clear title passes from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So, who makes sure the property is worth the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay — or a seller receive — for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A licensed, certified, professional appraiser from Perry & Associates Appraisal Company will ensure, you as an interested party, are informed.
The inspection is where an appraisal starts
Our first responsibility at Perry & Associates Appraisal Company is to inspect the property to ascertain its true status. We must physically view aspects of the property, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they indeed are there and are in the shape a reasonable buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the floorplan, ensuring the square footage is accurate and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious features - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the house.
Once the site has been inspected, we use two or three approaches to determining the value of the property: a paired sales analysis, a replacement cost calculation, and an income approach when rental properties are prevalent.
This is where the appraiser uses information on local construction costs, labor rates and other elements to derive how much it would cost to build a property comparable to the one being appraised. This estimate often sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. The cost approach is also the least used predictor of value.
Appraisers are intimately familiar with the subdivisions in which they work. They innately understand the value of certain features to the residents of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject in question. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they more accurately portray the features of subject property.
In the end, the appraiser reconciles the adjusted sales prices of all the comps and then derives an opinion of what the subject could sell for. When it comes to putting a value on features of homes in Indianapolis and Marion, Perry & Associates Appraisal Company is second to none. This approach to value is commonly awarded the most weight when an appraisal is for a real estate exchange.
Valuation Using the Income Approach
A third method of valuing a property is sometimes employed when a neighborhood has a measurable number of renter occupied properties. In this scenario, the amount of income the real estate yields is factored in with income produced by nearby properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Coming Up With The Final Value
Combining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property in question. It is important to note that while this amount is probably the strongest indication of what a house is worth, it probably will not be the price at which the property closes. There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. But the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could recover in the event they had to sell the property again. At the end of the day, an appraiser from Perry & Associates Appraisal Company will guarantee you attain the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.